The Facts


Terminology

 

 

Malnutrition  

includes undernutrition (wasting, stunting, underweight), inadequate micronutrients, overweight, obesity, and resulting diet-related noncommunicable diseases.

UNDERWEIGHT

low weight for age

Stunting

low height for age

WASTING

low weight for height

Anemia

low red blood cell count, often due to iron deficiency

Micronutrients

vitamins & minerals that are needed in small amounts for the body to produce enzymes and hormones for proper growth & development


  45%  of deaths among children under 5 years of age are linked to undernutrition

45% of deaths among children under 5 years of age are linked to undernutrition

Child Deaths due to Undernutrition

"Nutrition-related factors contribute to about 45 percent of child deaths under age 5. Among undernourished children who survive, more than one quarter suffer from stunted growth, which can impair neurological development and learning."

- Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation


  1 in 5  children under 5 years of age worldwide are stunted as of 2017

1 in 5 children under 5 years of age worldwide are stunted as of 2017

Stunting

"To stunt means to hinder growth, to dwarf, leading to unachieved potential. The external sign of stunting is attained size – notably height – below the limits of normal variation among children of a given age and sex. Less visible are functional deficits related to sub-optimal development of the brain and other organs, which affect abilities such as language, learning, psychosocial behavior and work capacity."

- World Health Organization


 Stunting rates in Madagascar & Guatemala are among the highest at nearly  50%.  This tells us that these countries are most at risk for getting stuck in the vicious cycle. Therefore, our immediate efforts are going towards these countries.

Stunting rates in Madagascar & Guatemala are among the highest at nearly 50%. This tells us that these countries are most at risk for getting stuck in the vicious cycle. Therefore, our immediate efforts are going towards these countries.

The Vicious Cycle

"The problem starts before pregnancy. Women and girls who are not healthy and well-nourished are more likely to have malnourished children. Because poor nutrition compromises the immune system, children who are malnourished are more vulnerable to life-threatening infectious diseases as well as physical and cognitive impairments. This limits their ability to learn in school and reduces their productivity as adults—creating a vicious cycle that prevents families, communities, and countries from lifting themselves out of poverty."

- Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation


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